What can be the Brain Fever Symptoms?

07 Nov 2019 10:46
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Brain fever is a medical condition in which a part of the brain becomes inflamed & causes symptoms of fever. The terminology is dated, and most often found in Victorian literature, where it typically describes as a potentially life-threatening illness. There are certain conditions that may be described as brain fever include:

• Encephalitis, an acute inflammation of the brain
• Meningitis, themembrane inflammation, covering the brain and spinal cord.
• Cerebritis, inflammation of the cerebrum.
• Scarlet fever, infectious disease whose symptoms can include paranoia &hallucinations.

Symptoms

Most people have mild flu-like symptoms, such as:

• Headache
• Fever
• Aches in muscles or joints
• Fatigue or weakness
Sometimes the signs and symptoms are more severe, and they might include:

• Confusion, agitation or hallucinations
• Seizures
• Paralysis in certain areas of the face or body
• Muscle weakness
• Problems with speech or hearing
• Loss of consciousness

In infants and young children, signs and symptoms might also include:

• Bulging in the soft spots (fontanels) of an infant's skull
• Nausea and vomiting
• Body stiffness
• Poor feeding
• Irritability

Causes

The most common cause of encephalitis is a viral infection but sometimes the exact cause of encephalitis is unknown. Bacterial infections and noninfectious inflammatory conditions also can also cause encephalitis.

Basically, there are two main types of encephalitis:

Primary encephalitis. This condition occurs when a virus directly infects the brain. The infection may be concentrated in one area or might widespread. A primary infection may be a reactivation of a virus that has been inactive after a previous illness.

Secondary encephalitis. This condition results from a weak immune system reaction to an infection anywhere in the body. Instead of attacking the unhealthy cells causing the infection, the immune system also mistakenly attacks the healthy cells in the brain. Secondary encephalitis is also known as post-infection encephalitis as it often occurs two to three weeks after the initial infection.

Risk factors

Anyone can develop encephalitis. Factors that may increase the risk include:

• Age. In general, young children & older adults are at greater risk.

• Weakened immune system. Those people who have HIV/AIDS, take immune-suppressing
drugs or have another condition causing a weakened immune system are at increased
risk of getting encephalitis.

• Geographical regions. Many regions are mosquito-or tick-borne viruses are very common
in particular geographical regions.

• Season of the year. Mosquito as well as tick-borne diseases tend to be more common in
summers.

Prevention

Best physicians in Delhi say that the better way to prevent viral encephalitis is to take precautions to avoid exposure to viruses that can cause the disease. Try to:
Practice good hygiene. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water, particularly
after using the toilet and before and after having meals.

Don't share the utensils. Don't share tableware and beverages.

Teach your children about good habits. Make sure children practice good hygiene at
home & school as well.

Get your vaccinations. Keep your own and your children's vaccinations current. Talk
to your doctor before travelling, about recommended vaccinations for different
destinations.

When to see a doctor

Get consultation if you are experiencing any of the severe symptoms associated with encephalitis. Severe headache, fever & altered consciousness require urgent care. Consult the best doctor for treatment.

Infants and young children with any signs or symptoms of encephalitis should get immediate & urgent care. The best neuro hospital in delh have all the medication facilities & best brain doctors. In many cases, the patient makes a full recovery and in other cases, the person may be left with varying degrees of brain damage, which may require long-term supportive care and therapy.

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